Diabetes mellitus is a group of metabolic disorders associated with abnormally high levels of sugar and glucose in the blood. Symptoms of the disease include frequent urination (polyuria), increased thirst (polydipsia), and increased hunger (cravings). Type 1 And Type 2 Diabetes Types of diabetes occur on the Body.
If left untreated, diabetes can lead to many complications. Acute complications of the disease can include diabetic ketoacidosis, non-ketogenic hyperosmolar coma, or death. Serious long-term complications include heart disease, stroke, chronic kidney disease, foot ulcers, and damage to eyes, nerves, and blood vessels.
Types of diabetes :-
Type 1 or insulin-dependent diabetes
This type of diabetes is also known as juvenile diabetes. It is caused by insufficient production of insulin and is characterized by loss of insulin-producing beta cells in the islets of Langerhans of the pancreas, resulting in insulin deficiency. This type can be further classified as immune mediated or idiopathic. This is relatively rare.
Signs and Symptoms:
The main symptoms are dehydration, diabetic ketoacidosis, blurred vision, weight loss, etc. Over time, this can damage the nerves in the kidneys, heart, and eyes. The symptoms of type 1 diabetes are very important.
Type 1 diabetes is partially inherited and has several genes; which include certain HLA genotypes.
Some risk factors for type 1 diabetes include:
Family history A person whose parent or sibling has type 1 diabetes has a slightly increased risk of developing the disease.
Having certain genes contributes to an increased risk of developing type 1 diabetes.
The incidence of type 1 diabetes tends to increase the further you move from the equator. The disease is more prevalent in the United States.
Although type 1 diabetes can be detected at any age, it presents in two notable peaks. The first peak occurs in children aged 4 to 7 years, and the second occurs in children aged 10 to 14 years.
Some other potential risk factors include
Exposure to certain viruses, such as Epstein-Barr virus, Coxsackie virus, mumps virus, and cytomegalovirus
- Low levels of vitamin D
- Drinking water containing nitrates
- Having a mother with preeclampsia (high blood pressure) during pregnancy
- Have jaundice
There are no preventive measures for this type of diabetes, but it can be well regulated by taking insulin.
Type 1 diabetes is treated with insulin injections several times a day or with an insulin pump. The four types of insulin available are rapid-acting insulin, short-acting insulin, intermediate-acting insulin, and long-acting insulin. Insulin is injected either by subcutaneous injection or by an insulin pump.
Insulin administration not only prevents hyperglycemic emergencies, but is also effective in preventing long-term complications of type 2 diabetes by correcting fasting hyperglycemia and postprandial (postprandial) hyperglycemia. Insulin injections are mandatory for people with type 1 diabetes because they cannot be treated with diet and exercise alone.
But besides insulin therapy, diet management is very important. This includes checking the carbohydrate content of food and closely monitoring the blood glucose level. It is significant to lose weight if you are overweight (BMI over 30) and to maintain a healthy weight. Patients should stop smoking and drink alcohol in moderation.
- Diabetic retinopathy – vision loss and blindness
- Diabetic polyneuropathy – renal failure
- Cardiovascular diseases such as stroke
Also Read :- Type 2 diabetes cure breakthrough 2021
Type 2 Diabetes or non-insulin dependent diabetes:
Type 2 diabetes
Type 2 diabetes is caused by insulin resistance, which may be associated with a relative decrease in insulin secretion. Type 2 diabetes is the most common type of diabetes.
Signs and symptoms
Notable symptoms of type 2 diabetes are frequent urination (frequent urination), polydipsia (increased thirst), binge-eating (increased hunger), and weight loss. Other symptoms usually present at the time of diagnosis include a history of blurred vision, itching, peripheral neuropathy, recurrent infections, and fatigue.
This type of diabetes is mainly due to factors related to lifestyle and genetics. The main lifestyle factors that tend to develop type 2 diabetes include obesity (defined as a body mass index greater than 30), a sedentary lifestyle or lack of physical activity, poor diet, and stress.
Three main risk factors for developing type 2 diabetes Are
- Age :- Over 40.
- Genetics :- Having a close relative with the disease, such as a parent or sibling.
- Weight :- Being overweight or obese.
The development of type 2 diabetes can be delayed or prevented with proper nutrition and regular physical activity. It is very important to monitor your blood sugar level.
Managing type 2 diabetes includes lifestyle changes such as exercise and diet. Some patients need to take oral diabetes medications and insulin, depending on their blood sugar. The main anti-diabetic drugs include metformin, glimepiride, acarbose, etc. Dietary factors play a key role in the development of type 2 diabetes.
Excessive consumption of sugary foods is associated with an increased risk. Certain medical conditions and some medications can predispose you to diabetes. People with diabetes are more likely to have foot problems than people without diabetes. Diabetes can damage blood vessels and nerves.
This can make the feet less able to feel pressure, pain, heat or cold. The patient may not notice a foot injury or ulcer until the person has severely damaged the skin and tissues underneath or when the patient has developed a serious infection. Diabetes can also damage blood vessels. Sores or small cuts in the skin can become deeper sores or sores.
The affected limb may need to be amputated if the sores don’t heal or become larger, deeper, or infected.
- Cardiovascular disorders
- Kidney failure
- Cognitive imbalance
Home Remedies for Diabetes
Diabetes is a group of related diseases in which the body cannot regulate the amount of sugar in the blood. With type 1 diabetes, your body does not produce insulin. In type 2 diabetes, the most common type, your body does not make or use insulin well. Without enough insulin, glucose stays in your blood.
Over time, having too much glucose in your blood can damage your eyes, kidneys, and nerves. So insulin is still usually present in people with type 2 diabetes, but it doesn’t work as well as it should. Some people with type 2 can control it by losing weight, changing their diet, and increasing their physical activity. Others take one or more medications, including insulin.
Points for Type 2 Diabetes And Type 1 Diabetes
- Take juice of bilva leaves and parijataka in equal parts for a natural remedy for diabetes. Take two teaspoons of it twice a day.
- Avoid drinking alcohol (including beer, wine and whiskey).
- Take two teaspoons of fenugreek seed powder with milk. Two teaspoons of the seeds can also be swallowed whole daily.
- Avoid candy, chocolate, rice, bananas, grapes, mangoes, dried fruits, oils, cakes and pastries.
- Boil 15 fresh mango leaves in a cup of water. Leave it overnight. Filter this water and drink it in the morning.
- Eat green vegetables, coriander, cucumbers, cabbage, coconut, goose album (patho), pumpkin vines, cucumbers, cabbage, carrots, tomatoes, lemons, radishes, onions, and ginger
- Avoid infections, burns and injuries because they enter the ketogenic state under these stressful conditions.
- Take 400 micrograms. A day’s chromium picolinate makes insulin more effective, which helps keep blood sugar low. Chromium keeps blood sugar levels stable through proper use of insulin, and may be beneficial for people with diabetes and/or hypoglycemia.
- Take Plenty of Potassium, Vitamins C, Free Reprint Articles and B-complex.
- Eat 10 fresh, ripe curry leaves every morning for three months. Prevents diabetes due to genetic factors. It also treats diabetes due to obesity.
Lastly, There Are Some Points For Type 2 diabetes Patient Treatments
Healthy eating and exercise should be a priority in diabetes treatment. Second, you can also try some diabetes treatments using alternative medicine.
Monitor blood sugar
Keep in mind that the amount of sugar in your blood is constantly changing. Self-monitoring helps you see what makes your blood sugar go up and down, so you can make adjustments to your treatment. Factors that affect blood sugar levels include:
Follow a healthy diet
Contrary to popular myth, there is no such thing as a “diabetic diet”. Plus, just because you have diabetes doesn’t mean you should eat only bland, boring foods. Instead, it means you’ll eat more fruits, vegetables, and whole-grain foods that are high in nutrients and low in fat and calories, and less animal products and sweets. In fact, it is the same diet that all Americans should follow.
Everyone needs regular aerobic exercise, and diabetics are no exception. The good news is that the same exercises that are good for the heart and lungs also help lower blood sugar levels.
Being overweight is the main risk factor for type 2 diabetes. This is because fat makes your cells more resistant to insulin. But when you lose weight, the process reverses and your cells become more receptive to insulin. For some people with type 2 diabetes, losing weight is all that is needed to return blood sugar to normal.
When diet, exercise, and maintaining a healthy weight aren’t enough, you may need the help of medications. Medicines used to treat diabetes include insulin. All people with diabetes eg 1 and some people with type 2 diabetes need to take insulin every day to make up for what the pancreas cannot produce