Does gestational diabetes go away?
Unlike other types of diabetes, gestational diabetes usually goes away on its own and your blood sugar returns to normal soon after giving birth, says Dr. Tanya Eskov, clinical director of the Center for Prenatal Diagnostics. GD doesn’t have to take away the joys of pregnancy.
What is GD ?
GD is a form of diabetes that develops during pregnancy. There are several types of GD. ” it is different from type 2 diabetes, and it is not a fatal disease,” Askov explains. “Most women who develop GD are healthy people before they became pregnant.”
According to the American Diabetes Association, GD usually develops during the second half of pregnancy.
This type of diabetes can be hereditary, a symptom of pregnancy, or can occur spontaneously. About 5% of pregnant women develop gestational diabetes, usually by the time they reach the second or third trimester of pregnancy. If the baby’s pregnancy is normal, most women who develop GD do not have any problems.
Why does gestational diabetes occur?
Your body goes into “hypermobility,” which means your body doesn’t store blood sugar normally. Sometimes a woman’s cells don’t even have a gene that allows them to make the hormone insulin.
There are several genes that cause type 2 diabetes, Says Dr. Sandra Guerrero, MD, director of maternal fetal medicine at New York-Presbyterian/Columbia University Medical Center. “There is no deficiency of these genes”.
It is those that are lacking, and which women usually inherit from their mothers, that cause most cases of type 2 diabetes.
In other words, you cannot get gestational diabetes because you have a gene that allows it, but you are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes later.
Also Read :- How does diabetes cause hair loss
Treatment for gestational diabetes
In the United States, there are three main treatment groups for gestational diabetes. First, there is the traditional approach where you keep it under control through diet and exercise. You will have regular blood tests and/or monitor your blood sugar level with a continuous glucose monitor (CGM). In some cases, your doctor will prescribe a diabetes medicine called insulin.
In the latest guidelines for women with GD, which have been in place since 2012, most doctors now agree that a woman with GD can meet the criteria for type 2 diabetes and should begin treatment immediately should she need to. Test his blood sugar more often.
How does gestational diabetes affect the baby ?
“First and foremost, as a rule, It is another healthy complication of pregnancy, and in most cases it is harmless to both mother and fetus,” explains Eskov.
Because GD increases the risk of preeclampsia and the likelihood of insulin treatment during pregnancy, Eskov says she recommends that all women at high risk for GD get their blood sugar checked frequently throughout pregnancy. I should do.
“Even women who do not have a family history of diabetes should be screened for GD because the risk of complications increases as the pregnancy progresses,” she says.
There are ways to reduce the risk, says Eskov.
GD and childbirth
However, there can be complications associated with gestational diabetes. (It can also happen during a normal pregnancy, but with far less severe symptoms.) GD can lead to pregnancy-specific complications, such as high blood pressure (hypertension), which can be a greater risk. Infant, and preeclampsia, which is the leading cause of maternal and neonatal death.
Symptoms of GD During pregnancy
If you have been diagnosed with gestational diabetes or have risk factors that put you at higher risk (see below), be sure to talk to yourself first. He or she can help you find the best treatment to keep you and your baby healthy.
On the surface, GD resembles type 2 diabetes, it is not.
Symptoms of gestational diabetes
According to the American Pregnancy Association, the most common warning signs and symptoms are:
- Difficulty thinking clearly.
- Irregular heartbeat.
- Unexpected weight gain.
- Craving for sweets.
- Frequent urination.
- Difficulty sleeping.
- A sudden urge to go to the bathroom.
- Frequent fainting.
- Blurred vision.
- Stomach ache.
- Abnormal blood pressure.
- Difficulty in breathing.
- Fear of passing out suddenly.
- Abnormal vaginal bleeding.
- Pain when walking.
- Changes in the skin.
- Breasts larger than normal.
- Unexplained weight loss.
- Unexplained weight gain.
- Excessive fatigue.
- Eat very little.
- Feeling restless.
What are the risks of gestational diabetes ?
The biggest risk is that you could develop type 2 diabetes later in life, Eskov explains. It’s also a sign that your baby may have a birth defect, so it’s important that you take your pregnancy health seriously, she adds.
According to Pregnancy.com, GD is common, affecting up to half of all pregnancies. However, not all women with the disease will develop type 2 diabetes. Only women who were not likely to have type 2 diabetes can develop diabetes during pregnancy, Askov explains.
Is there any risk of getting gestational diabetes?
It is more dangerous for the mother as the blood sugar level can be higher than normal. She adds that the risk of birth defects and premature labor is also higher.
Can gestational diabetes go away after pregnancy ?
“Typically after pregnancy the way a woman’s body processes blood sugar and stores the glucose in her muscles and during a woman’s pregnancy blood sugar and insulin levels are low or nearly nonexistent.” Doctor. Sujay Kansagra, pediatrician, reproductive endocrinologist and professor at Duke University.
It is often much easier to manage than the more serious type of diabetes that develops after pregnancy, Dr. Eskov says. She says that the condition usually goes away on its own after the baby is born.
what is the best diet for gestational diabetes
If you have GD, you should probably cut back on sweets and eat small, slow-burning carbohydrates, Eskov explains.
After giving birth to their son Oscar in 2010, Callie and Joe Lutzenheiser learned that their son had a common condition called gestational diabetes. But that was just the beginning.
The growing epidemic of GD. And what can you do to avoid it. ABC’s Linda Lopez is now joining us from Orlando, Florida.
Gestational diabetes can affect baby
Since gestational diabetes develops in the mother during pregnancy, it can affect the fetus.
Recommendations for the management of GD.
Nationally recognized dietitians agree that people with GD have different needs. And they develop personalized plans that help optimize health.
Thus, new guidelines from the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) do not require people with type 1 diabetes or a history of gestational diabetes to limit carbohydrates or follow a diet for GD.
If you have type 1 diabetes, choose carbohydrates wisely, choosing whole grain products that have the highest nutritional value possible. According to the American Diabetes Association, a 4-ounce slice of whole grain bread contains about 24 grams of carbohydrates, while a 10-ounce slice of white bread contains 16 grams of carbohydrates.
Premature birth linked to folate deficiency, study finds
WEDNESDAY, August 2, 2017 (Health Day News) — There’s no doubt that iron deficiency anemia in pregnant women and insufficient folate in the diets of some babies is linked to poor birth outcomes. Now, new research is showing that these issues also affect childhood brain development.
The study included more than 1,500 children, most of whom were born to African American mothers and were living in central Florida. None had a history of intellectual disability.
The investigators found that a third of the children had low levels of folate, a B vitamin important for brain development. Impairment was associated with severe intellectual disability and reduced mental and motor function.