Diabetes insipidus is not a new term now. Many people suffer from this disorder every year. It is a disorder in which a person experiences excessive thirst that results in the excretion of a large amount of dilute urine which is responsible for reducing the amount of fluid in the body.
It is commonly referred to as DI and there are many reasons that favor DI in humans. The most common type of diabetes is diabetic insipidus, which is caused by a deficiency of the antidiuretic hormone known as argentine vasopressin.
Another type of ID is the renal ID which results from the reaction of the kidneys with vasopressin.
What Is Diabetes Insipidus?
Disorder in which a person experiences excessive thirst which results in the excretion of a large amount of dilute urine. This disorder is often misdiagnosed as uremia and it causes excessive water loss from the body.
This loss of water in the body is due to loss of sodium in the body. These types of diabetes insipidus are not due to high levels of sugar in the blood.
In the condition of insipidus, a person is unable to excrete sodium ions and therefore, the body is deprived of water.
If left untreated, It can lead to organ damage and other health complications. In fact, most diabetics suffer from insipidus at some point in time. People with this disorder usually have high blood pressure and they also have diabetes.
How to Diagnose Diabetes Insipidus?
Not easily diagnosed and requires extensive tests to be carried out to properly diagnose the condition. The test are basically urinalysis, blood tests and special imaging tests like MRI and CT scan.
An underlying problem or a family history of the same can lead to diabetes insipidus. Usually the urine test results can reveal the presence of a compound in the urine which is responsible for the taste-deprivation.
If the urine test does not reveal the presence of the compound or the test result shows that a person who is afflicted by diabetes insipidus does not have diabetes, then they are considered to have diabetes without it.
However, It can also be diagnosed by a blood test.
Symptoms of Diabetes Insipidus
Symptoms of ID vary among patients and vary from case to case.
The symptoms of ID are identical to those of diabetes mellitus.
Those who are at high risk for developing it are those who are pregnant or who have diabetes, chronic kidney disease, or those who are elderly.
Those who develop it usually experience it before the age of 40.
The person has no symptoms that are typical and so is referred to as idiopathic, because there is no identifiable cause.
These include excessive thirst, frequent urination, especially night time urination, sweating and dizziness.
They usually do not produce the usual amount of urine as would be expected. They frequently find themselves dehydrated and so will drink a large amount of water which can lead to dehydration.
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Treatment of Diabetes Insipidus
This is a common disorder and may remain undiagnosed for years due to the long list of causes.
However, only one cause remains: excessive thirst and the subsequent rise of blood sugar levels.
However, for the patient who is diagnosed with diabetes insipidus, the only option is the consumption of sips of water to increase thirst level. This helps in producing a small amount of sodium which is essential for people suffering from diabetes insipidus.
This is an alternative treatment for the patient as the procedure of making sips of water involves a lot of physical work and patience. Some patients may even require treatment for other disorders like catheter ablation or deep vein thrombosis.
Medications for DI People
who have diabetes insipidus may be put on antidiuretic hormone replacement therapy. Steroids or analogues are usually used to treat this disorder. Once the diagnosis of diabetes insipidus is made, diuretics are sometimes prescribed to relieve the symptoms of DI.
Diuretic drugs are used to increase urination and also to remove the excess water from the body. Diuretic drugs also help to decrease the thirst sensation and prevent dehydration in those who have diabetic ID.
There are numerous treatment options available for diabetes insipidus that have proven effective for treating the symptoms of DI. These are antidiuretic hormone replacement therapy, bicarbonate intravenous, water therapy, dialysis, medication for the vasopressin receptors and allopurinol.
Diet and lifestyle changes The changes that one should make in order to have better control over it are :-
The main thing that can be done in order to bring a reduction in the occurrence of diabetes insipidus is to be more active in the exercise. It is essential to understand that activities that cause involuntary sweating can cause excess urine to pass out of the body. Therefore, people who are suffering insipidus should avoid sweating activities that increase the amount of water that is passed through the body.
A healthy diet is essential to a good health. The most common diabetic insipidus diet consists of three meals, a bedtime snack and at least four small meals. Diabetics have to limit the food that they eat so that they can avoid the resulting nausea, vomiting and thirst.
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This is a common disorder in humans caused by the interaction of a number of factors. It has a variety of causes such as high blood sugar and urinary tract infections. There is a reason for the disease to emerge at various times in a person’s life. Understanding these causes helps in recognizing how diabetes insipidus develops and in treating it.